According to the data collected by the recent report by AlmaLaurea, in recent years there has been a slight decrease in unemployment among Italian graduates.
On the basis of this five-year analysis, in fact, we have gone from a 7.8% lack of employment for three-year graduates to a 6.7%; as regards, instead, magisterial recent graduates there is even talk of a 2% drop in unemployment, with a drop from 8.9% to 6.9%.
The interesting fact is that this employment growth was independent of the faculties attended: in fact, the increase seems to affect all university fields, although some degree courses continue to be “favored” by the recruiters.
This change can be linked to the birth of new university courses that focus, to a greater extent, on the training of the professional figures required, proposing at least one year of training or collaborations with companies in the sector already during the course attendance.
Top degrees: languages, engineering and mathematics (for now) on the podium
Although employment growth was considered general by the report, some areas of study were the most sought after by companies: these are the linguistic, engineering (including those of electronic engineering, information and industrial) and mathematical faculties. Instead, the so-called “white jobs”, or jobs related to the social-health sectors affected by the degrees in Sociology, Education, Nursing and Physiotherapy, appear on the fourth step of the podium.
However, according to the forecasts of the Centro Studi Unioncamere, two other sectors could overturn the current ones in the coming years. These will be those related to traditional services, the so-called “Blue Jobs”, and those defined as “Orange Jobs”, ie the sectors close to the digital world; the employment areas related to training, transport and tourism will follow.
This subdivision by colors, which was conceived by WeCanJob, allows us to have a more general picture of what the interests of companies will be for the coming years: on the one hand, a greater attention to the ecological and environmental impact, on the other a greater implementation of digitization and, therefore, waste reduction.
If, in fact, on the first step of the podium we could find the “Blue Jobs” of the marine and maritime sectors, with them the “Brown Jobs” will also grow, that is those linked to agriculture and land trades and the “Green Jobs”, that is those that focus on sustainable energy or, more generally, on the green economy. This last contribution, in conjunction with the growth of digitalization, could radically change the current corporate dynamics, those of city administrations and, therefore, those of single individuals.
Contracts and remuneration: what economic future for graduates?
In addition to data relating to the fall in unemployment and therefore to the growth of certain sectors rather than others, the AlmaLaurea report also examined the types of work and remuneration that a recent graduate student can expect at the end of his studies.
As in the case of unemployment, regardless of the degree, the trend of recent years has shown a general and drastic drop in permanent contracts, for which there is talk of a 6.5% drop for three-year graduates and 7% for the magisterial ones; on the contrary, instead, the non-standard contractual forms have increased, namely those subordinated to permanent contracts: for these, there is talk of a growth of 5.2% for first-level graduates and 6.9% for second-level graduates level.
However, although there has been a general economic satisfaction with wages ranging between € 1,100 and € 1,400 on average, about 26.9% of the boys interviewed admitted that they did not carry out work consistent with their studies.