According to the Report Excelsior of Unioncamere and Anpal, on the medium-term employment needs (2019-2023), in the coming years in Italy the professional landscape will change and between 3 and 3.2 million new employees will be needed to meet the needs of all the Italian production sector, including both private companies and public administration.
Most of the new employees in the 2019-2023 five-year period will be hired to deal with employment turnover, while the remaining 20% will be subject to increased job demand. This new wave of jobs will be determined both by the technological changes and by the new professional tasks that will arise: in fact, professional evolution may not lead to the simple replacement of a professional figure, but rather to the hiring of a worker with a different title of study and new skills.
The professions linked to the “digital revolution” and those on the theme of eco-sustainability will be driving the overall demand for work, which will require the involvement of 213 thousand and 481 thousand workers respectively.
The most requested fields of study will be medical, health, economic and engineering and, also in this five-year period, companies have already foreseen an increase in specialized personnel in the administrative, financial, marketing and tourism sectors.
Despite a substantial increase in the supply compared to the demand, the graduates and graduates expected for the five-year period will represent 61-62% of the total needs of the employed, while the level of education required, corresponding to the professional qualification and the fulfillment of the training requirement, is slightly higher than 38%. This means that the offer envisaged for recent graduates (894 thousand units) will be lower than the total needs of graduates, which will range from 959 thousand to 1,014 thousand units.
According to the Excelsior Unioncamere – ANPAL report, in fact, there is a general gap between job supply and demand of about 26.3%: this difference in height is determined by the lack of profiles suitable for a specific job position required by companies.
From 2016 to 2018 this value increased by almost 5 percentage points (in 2016 it was 21.5%) and continues to grow nationally. As for the technical professions, it is even wider: from 32% in 2016 to 37% in 2018, this means that out of 100 jobs 37 will not be covered.
The president of Unioncamere, Carlo Sangalli, underlined that in this context it is increasingly important “The choice of the course of study in the life of young people”, so it becomes essential “to provide children and families with the most up-to-date information on market trends of work and professions that offer the best opportunities for the future ».
This will result not only in a request for new professional figures or already existing figures able to manage rapid technological transformations, whose “professional content” is significantly changing, but also in the need for a constant adaptation of digital skills for all new professions that will be required.